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Toxicology is the study of the harmful effects of chemical, physical, and biological agents on living organisms. It is a multidisciplinary field that involves the study of toxic substances, their effects on biological systems, and the mechanisms by which they cause harm.
Toxicologists use a variety of methods to assess the toxicity of chemicals, including animal studies, in vitro testing, and computer modeling. They also study the way in which toxic substances enter the body, how they are metabolized and eliminated, and how they interact with biological systems.
Toxicology has many practical applications, including:
Toxicology is a critical field that plays an important role in protecting public health and the environment. By identifying and understanding the harmful effects of toxic substances, toxicologists can help prevent and mitigate the risks associated with exposure to these substances.
The global market for toxicology is expected to continue to grow in the coming years. The demand for toxicology services is being driven by several factors, including the increasing awareness of the health hazards of chemicals and environmental pollutants, the need to ensure the safety of drugs and other consumer products, and the growing emphasis on regulatory compliance.
According to a report by MarketsandMarkets, the global toxicology services market is projected to reach $27.36 billion by 2021, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.2% from 2016 to 2021. North America is expected to hold the largest share of the market during this period, followed by Europe and Asia-Pacific.
The market is divided into several segments, including in vitro toxicology testing, toxicity testing services, regulatory toxicology services, and others. In vitro toxicology testing is expected to experience the fastest growth due to its advantages over traditional animal testing methods, including cost savings, reduced ethical concerns, and the ability to test large numbers of compounds simultaneously.
In addition to the traditional toxicology services market, there is also a growing demand for personalized medicine and pharmacogenomics, which involve the use of genetic information to tailor drug treatments to individual patients. This is expected to create new opportunities for toxicology services companies that specialize in genetic toxicology testing and related services.
Overall, the toxicology market is expected to continue to grow in the coming years as companies seek to ensure the safety and regulatory compliance of their products and as the demand for personalized medicine and pharmacogenomics increases.
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